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Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (–), known as Al-Biruni ( Arabic: البيروني ) in English, was. Horoscope and natal chart of Al-Biruni, born on /09/ you will find in this page an excerpt of the astrological portrait and the interpration of the planetary. Horoscope and astrology data of Abdul Al-Biruni born on 4 September Jul. Cal. Kath, Uzbekistan, with biography.

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He served more than six different princes, all biiruni whom were known for their bellicose activities and a good number of whom met their ends in violent deaths. Nevertheless, he managed to become the most original polymath the Islamic world had ever known.

He also wrote notable books on chronology and history.

In his search for…. Little is known of his early life. Of his own personal background even less is known. He said this in the context of demonstrating his total disgust with flattery, even when it was being directed at him. However, he lived well into his seventies, and, since some of his surviving works are not mentioned in this index, the index is a partial list at best.

Adding all the titles in the index, as well as those found later, brings his total production to titles, each averaging about 90 folios. Almost half of the titles were on astronomical and mathematical subjects. Only a minuscule number of his output, 22 titles, has survived, and only about half of that has been published.

His bkruni on Indian culture is by far the most important of his encyclopaedic works.

His only other competing encyclopaedic work, in terms of depth birni extent of coverage, is The Birunni of Ancient Nationswhich is devoted to a universal anthropological account of axtrology cultures and which even records the lore of long-dead cultures or of other cultures that were about to disappear. In the latter work, for example, is the most elaborate treatment of the Bbiruni calendar —more extensive than any surviving medieval Hebrew source and much more scientifically reasoned than any other treatment that this calendar had received up to that time.


Birhni it he not only defended the role astroology the mathematical sciences against the attacks of religious scholars who could not understand the utility of the mathematical sciences but also detailed all that one needed to know about determining longitudes and latitudes on land. He capped that particular discussion with a solution to the rather sophisticated spherical trigonometric problem astroloby determining the direction of Mecca along the local horizon at Ghazna.

Besides being a biuni mathematical problem, determining the direction of Mecca is a religious requirement for the performance of the ordained five daily prayers in Islam. For example, he raised questions about the formation of mountains and explained the existence there of fossils by positing that Earth was once underwater. He also raised these questions in his book on India. In both cases he treated these matters with a scientific objectivity that matches the modern explanation.

His relatively minor works are only minor in size, for they are at least as sophisticated as his major works. In that context he wrote of precious metals and gemswhich were considered foundational for any economic systemand he wrote of diamonds and their particular social importance. In the introduction to his book on pharmacology, he wrote about the importance of language in identifying drugs and in that context took an excursion into the relative worth of languages. Even then his comments were apparently restricted to the particular problem of latitude theory in Ptolemaic astronomy.

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