Holden Furber; The English Utilitarians and India. By Eric Stokes. (New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. xvi, $), The American Historical Rev. OTHER REVIEWS. Jacobinism. He has also demonstrated the permanent damage to its prestige suffered by the upper house in when it became a. utilitarianism on Indian education: K. A. Ballhatchet suggests that it was exerted in India, not London, while Eric Stokes doubts that it was a significant factor even .
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This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University’s proxy server Configure custom proxy use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy. The principal task was now to devise an effective and economical adminis- tration for the vast areas suddenly annexed to the Company’s territories. Certainly India played no central part in fashioning the distinctive qualities of English civilization. To the great trading nation, to the great manufacturing nation, no progress which any portion of the human race can make in knowledge, in taste for the conveniences of life, or in the wealth by which those conveniences are produced, can be a matter of indifference.
Wric you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. He believed that, within certain rigidly defined external frontiers, the soundest policy was to use every just occasion to annex native states, and to resume pensions and revenue alienations made to privileged classes before the British conquest.
The purpose of the revolution was the same as the end of all government; it was to release individual energy by protecting its efforts, freeing it from the despotism of custom and communal ownership, and from the tyranny of priest and noble.
Eric Stokes, The English Utilitarians and India – PhilPapers
Similarly, I have dealt briefly with the utiiltarians broad movement of intellectual qualification affecting the standing of the Utilitarian dogmas — that prompted by the historical and comparative ytilitarians of Sir Henry Maine. More than half of the revenue of the State was derived from the taxation of land; and the fact that the State demand absorbed almost the whole surplus produce of the soil, after allowing for the bare subsistence costs of the cultivator, made it the determining influence in shaping the utilitairans of Indian society.
The Penal Code IV. Frank Thakurdas – – Vishal Publications. But these were as nothing in the scale when com- pared with’ the might of law.
If its action were automatic, if every infraction of right were met with peremptory punishment, crimes and litigation would soon cease, and human conduct would be permanently canalized into beneficial or harmless courses. For a busy man of affairs his literary achievement was remarkable; it included his History of Persia still regarded as a standard work.
But the inferior administration could be dealt with only in India, and in particular a hte land revenue administration could only be developed through local experience.
Malcolm, however, thought that the arrangement: This was the policy of assimilation of the anglicizing movement. Much of the inconvenience and expense of the law would in this manner be avoided. It was not, of course, primarily an intellectual task, for the inward experience could not be reduced to rational terms. A few pages of history give more insight into the human mind, in a more agreeable manner, than all the metaphysical volumes that ever were pub- lished.
Land must in consequence become the most desirable of all property; and the industry of the people will be directed to these improvements in agriculture which are as essential to their own welfare as to the prosperity of the state. His professions in reply gave every satisfaction. Substantially it represents the permanent Liberal attitude to India, which survived intact to the end of British rule, which, despite hesitations, was ready with an answer for Indian nationalism, and which has finally triumphed in our own time.
Macaulay as Law Member 1 84 4.
Although personally on good terms with his colleagues, he confessed that in his official views he stood quite alone among them, and every day tended to widen the separation.
The most efficient part of education is that which is derived from the tone and temper of society; and the tone and temper utilitairans society depend altogether upon the laws and the government. The Industrial Revolution and the reversal it brought about in the economic rela- tion of India with Britain were the primary phenomena.
The English Utilitarians And India
And for the most part they did. This article has no associated abstract. This des- potism caused the depredation of the many by the few, and led to an entire absence of security for individual rights, and the sapping of the motive to labour.
Wellesley had brought to India a mind eriic ambition inflamed with the world-struggle for empire against Napoleonic France. In practical terms this meant a union of powers, at least at the district level. The great figure in the district, the true representative of the British system, was meant to be the District Judge and Magistrate ; it was he who was empowered to administer the impersonal law system of the Cornwallis Code of Regulations, even, if need be, against the collector himself in his official capacity.
With its powers of jurisdiction defined in only the vaguest manner it was possible for the Court by legal construction to extend I Ninth Report of Select Committee on the A fears of InAta, xySs; Burke, fVorks, edn.
The English Utilitarians and India
We may be compelled by the character of our government to frame some institutions, different from those we found established, but we should adopt all we can of the latter into our system our internal government. A case for attempting to preserve the Mughal institutions could be argued; it was, that when brought back to their original state of utility, and improved by such regulations as might be superadded by the British government, [they] would, ijdia a just and vigilant administration, unite the liberal policy indla an European state with the strength and energy of an Asiatic monarchy, and altogether be better suited to the genius, experience, and understanding of the natives, than institutions founded on principles, to them wholly new, derived from a state of society with which they were unacquainted.
Other notions and attitudes were to arise, but they were accommodated within the framework of the original structures. He was convinced that the vernacular languages were far better vehicles of instruction.
It is small wonder that by the thirties this form of political economy, whose arguments eri always abstract and bloodless, should have fallen from favour, and that later economists broke away from its leading strings to preach a more optimistic and comfortable doctrine. The notion of tribute meant draining the country of wealth and impairing its power to purchase British goods. The Indian Government, he asserted, must drop the ridiculous pose of protecting the weaker Indian com- munity from the stronger and more energetic Europeans.
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Although there was, of course, a profound gulf between their actual practis- ing ideas, the assumptions of the Evangelical theology and the Utilitarian philosophy were remarkably similar. Devoid of the artificial legalism of the Presidencies, where the race went to the quick-witted, the Indian states maintained a rough, natural simplicity and personal character. Gleig, Munro, vol HI, p Because of this family tie with India enjoyed by the Grants, the Stephens, the Thorntons, and others, Clapham and its offshoots were to send forth generations of Indian civil servants stamped with the Evangelical assurance and earnestness of purpose, if not always the old religious conviction.
The political education of a nation is a work of time; and while it is in progress, we shall be as safe as it will be possible for us to be. Antariksh Jain is currently reading it Apr 24, Pursuing Whig notions, he had established a host of collective bodies to supervise the land revenue and justice, in the form of the Provincial Revenue Boards and the Provincial Courts of Appeal; yet their control over the district judge and over the collector had proved ineffective.
He had no sympathy with Evangelical hopes for the conversion of the people, con- sidering such hopes utterly visionary. If this course be adopted, there will, properly speaking, be no separation. The breach had been made, and the pressure of the Directors for patronage steadily widened it until the English element in the government of Bengal predominated.
Malcolm, with the others, had no illusion that British rule could ever rest on the affection of the people; its security depended on the impression of its invincibility.
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